Catla catla (Hamilton – Buchanan, 1822)

Genus: Catla Valenciennes

Body short and deep, somewhat laterally compressed, its depth more than head length. Head enormously large, snout bluntly rounded, eyes large, ventro-lateral in position, visible from underside of head. Mouth wide and terminal, upper lips absent. Lower jaw with movable articulation at symphysis.

Synonyms: Cyprinus catla Hamilton Buchanan, 1822; Catlabuchanani Valenciennes: Day, 1878; C. catla Jhingran, 1966.

Diagnosis: Dorsal fin rays 3-4/14-16, anal 3/5, pectoral 1/20. Head enormously large, mouth wide and upturned. Lower jaw prominent and protruding. Pectoral fin long, extending to pelvic fin.

Common names: Catla

Distribution: Introduced in fish pond at Goenshari, Chhimipang, Darla, Tsangkha, Lhamoizhingkha, Gomtu, Sipsu, Tendu, Phuentsholing.

Altitude: 195 – 1318 MASL

Conservation status: Introduced for commercial purpose